Jurnal Impresi Indonesia (JII)
Vol.1, No. 2, Februari 2022
p-ISSN: 2828-1284 e-ISSN: 2810-062x
website: https://rivierapublishing.id/JII/index.php/jii/index
Doi: 83
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MOVIES AS A TEACHING LEARNING MEDIA
TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT AT ELEVENTH
GRADE OF SMK RISE KEDAWUNG CIREBON
Tia Karlina
Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Cirebon, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
tiakarlina20@gmail.com
Abstract
Received:
29-01-2022
Learning achievement is the acquisition of knowledge or
skills that usually indicated by test scores in the form of
numerical value. By using movies to teach can definitely
be a challenge, but when carried out in a proper
manner, it boasts of numerous benefits. Unlike text,
movies enable students to learn visually. This research
aims to determine the interactive effects of movies as a
teaching learning media to improve students’ learning
achievement. The researcher used experimental
research with quantitative approach. The sample of this
research was 35 respondents, randomly selected from
eleventh grade of SMK RISE Kedawung Cirebon. Pre-
experimental design was used in this research and
pretest and posttest design of pre-experimental design
became ultimate choice in this research. Based on data
analysis the researcher concludes that there was
increase of gaining score of the students after movies
treatment. On levels of significance 0.05, the researcher
found that t-observed of data is 29.70, and the degree of
freedom is 34 which is converted to the t-value of 2.03.
Based on the data from the test, it is clear that t-
observed is higher than t-value. In fact, t-observed > t-
value (29.70 > 2.03), it means that the treatment of
movies as a teaching learning media is effective to
improve students’ learning achievement.
Accepted:
29-01-2022
Published:
20-02-2022
Keywords:
movies as a
teaching learning
media, students’
learning
achievement
Corresponding Author: Tia Karlina
E-mail: tiakarlina20@gmail.com
INTRODUCTION
Development of science and technology in the era globalization is very dynamic and
complex in all aspects of life. As developing country, Indonesia always tries to improve its
human resources. To get a good achievement for all subjects, students need perseverance
and patience in learning. The researcher considers that it is necessary to find out an
alternative way to create suitable and interesting techniques related to students’ condition.
According to (Kusumarasdyati, 2004) and (Luo, 2004) by using movies as a teaching
learning media can increase the students’ motivation to learn and making the class more
interesting.
Movies also known as films, are type of visual communication which use moving
pictures and sound to tell stories or inform (help people to learn). (Schrum, Heinich, &
Glisan, 2000) stated that movies provide the context for a wide variety of communication
and interactive activities in the classroom. According to the (Brinton, 2001) various media
such as video, cameras, and computers help the teacher in their job to deliver the lesson. By
using the audio-visual media such as movies, the teacher can bring the world to the
Tia Karlina
The Effectiveness of Movies as a Teaching Learning Media to Improve Students’ Learning
Achievement at Eleventh Grade of SMK Rise Kedawung Cirebon
Jurnal Impresi Indonesia (JII) Vol. 1, No. 2, Februari 2022 84
classroom. For instance, when they want to introduce names of fruits, they do not have to
bring the real fruits, because the pictures of them are representative enough. A movie camera
or video camera takes pictures very quickly, usually at 25 pictures every second. When a
movie projector, computer, or a television shows the pictures at that rate, it looks like the
things shown in the set pictures are really moving. Sound is either recorded at the same time,
or added later.
Movies, in the sense of educational media, as stated by (Sudjana & Rivai, 2005) have
some strength, they are: (1) teaching and learning process will be more interesting for the
students so that they are motivated to learn materials given by the teacher; (2) movies make
the students easier to get the materials because media can be used by the teacher to make
material easier and clearer for the students; (3) various and interesting media make the
students enjoy and have fun in the learning process; (4) movies make the students do more
activities in teaching and learning process. Based on the understanding that it can be
concluded movies are a kind of media that contain realistic models that provide various
communicative activities for the students and help the teachers to deliver the lesson.
Learning achievement is the acquisition of knowledge or skills in terms of cognitive,
affective, and psychomotor through measurement and assessment. Something which
achieved or done successfully of an individual or group individuals in school subject or
activity with the effort and skills can be defined as the results of learning achievement
(Hornby, 1989).
According to (Davis, 1993) learning outcomes are a measuring tool that used by the
teacher as evidence of students’ learning achievement of the material that has been given.
Learning achievement is not just obtained by students, but there are several driving
indicators so that learning achievement can be obtained optimally.
Nowadays, vocational education has played an important role in the Indonesian
educational system for decades. The vocational education system is career-oriented, with the
goal of training manpower to meet the demands of national economic growth, industrial
changes, and technological advancement. From the point of view, the researcher suggests the
teacher to find the most effective learning media to learn. Using movies as a teaching
learning media are certainly the tool and the shortcut to help the vocational students to learn
English, not only for the present but also for lifelong learning. According to (Wiyono, 2008)
English at vocational school is expected that at the end of the study process, students are
able to use English; they able to read, to listen, to speak, and to write in English through
themes that are selected based on the students’ level of development and interest.
Based on the above statements, the researcher intends to investigate the effectiveness
of movies as a teaching learning media to improve students’ learning achievement at
eleventh grade of SMK RISE Kedawung, Cirebon.
RESEARCH METHOD
The researcher used experimental research with quantitative approach. (Sugiyono,
2019) stated that experimental research design was used to find out the influence of the
certain treatment in the controlled condition. In experimental research, it is recognized at
least 4 types of research and the researcher used pre-experimental design. One group pretest
posttest design of pre-experimental design became ultimate choice in this research, this
kind of design tries to compare the condition of students before and after the treatments
through the pretest results. They are two measured variables in this research, they are
movies as a teaching learning media as the independent variable and students’ learning
achievement which can be seen from the test result as the dependent variable.
The population of this research is all eleventh grade students of SMK RISE Kedawung
Cirebon, academic year 2021/2022, and the research held on November 1st November
27th 2020. The researcher takes 14% of the population as sample of this research. Technique
sampling used in this study is simple random sampling. (Arikunto, 2013) stated that if the
subject is less than 100 it is better to take the entire subject. Furthermore, if the subject is
more than 100 it can be taken between 10 15%. Therefore the researcher take 35 students
randomly take from 250 students in this research.
Tia Karlina
The Effectiveness of Movies as a Teaching Learning Media to Improve Students’ Learning
Achievement at Eleventh Grade of SMK Rise Kedawung Cirebon
Jurnal Impresi Indonesia (JII) Vol. 1, No. 2, Februari 2022 85
The researcher conducted an observation dealing with the real situation of the teaching
and learning process. There are two models in data analysis namely inductive and deductive
data analysis technique, and the researcher using deductive data analysis technique.
According to (Sidiq, Choiri, & Mujahidin, 2019) deductive data analysis technique is data
analysis that starts with theory which is then proven by facts. Starting from the
determination of variables, data collection and conclusion. Here are the research
instruments that used in this research are: pre-test, treatments, and post-test. Pre-test is
given before the treatment of movies is carried out. The treatment of movies was carried out
after pre-test. Post-test will be given after the treatment of movie is carried out.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Students’ Learning Achievement before Using Movies
Pretest was conducted to find out the students’ learning achievement before the
treatment of movies. The following tables shows the statistical description of the test result:
Table 1. Students’ Learning Achievement before Using Movies
Pre-test
N
35
0
Mean
49.43
Minimum
30
Maximum
60
From the fact above, the researcher identified that none of the students fulfilled passing
grade for this test. The passing grade for any subject in SMK RISE Kedawung Cirebon is 65.
This condition shows that the students learning achievement is very low. Next, the
researcher found the facts concerning the cause of students low achievement that could be
explained as follows: (1) low attention of the students when teaching learning process
conducted; (2) almost of the students did non-academic activities rather than academic
activities; (3) most of the students were passing during teaching learning process, they did
not want to ask to the teacher when they had difficulty.
Movies Treatment Result Analysis
1. Treatment 1
In this meeting, the teaching learning process ran smoothly enough. First step, the
researcher stimulated students interest about the topic they would learn at that day by giving
some questions orally. After that, the researcher shared the handout to the students to be
read. Next, the researcher asked the students to read the handout by turns. One student had
a turn to read one verse and so on. Finally, they had to answer the questions that contained
in the handout.
2. Treatment 2
In this meeting, the teaching learning process ran good better. In treatment 2, the
researcher found some progress especially concerning the movies treatment: (1) the students
did not stop discussing the subject they have been learned from the movies; (2) the students
also seemed were able to do their task dealing with making the summary of the movies they
had just watched.
3. Treatment 3
In this meeting, the teaching learning process ran very well. In treatment 3, the
researcher found some progress especially concerning the micro skills: (1) the students were
able to define what the subject they have been learned about; (2) the students were able to
identify the explicit information of the subject they have been learned; (3) the students were
able to identify the implicit information of the subject they have been learned.
Students’ Learning Achievement after Using Movies
Tia Karlina
The Effectiveness of Movies as a Teaching Learning Media to Improve Students’ Learning
Achievement at Eleventh Grade of SMK Rise Kedawung Cirebon
Jurnal Impresi Indonesia (JII) Vol. 1, No. 2, Februari 2022 86
In this research, post-test was conducted to find out the students learning achievement
improvement after using movies treatment. The following table shows statistical description
of the test result:
Table 2. Students’ Learning Achievement after Using Movies
Post-test
N
Valid
35
Missin
g
0
Mean
79.43
Minimum
75
Maximum
90
From the data above, the researcher conclude that there was increase of gaining score
of the students after movies treatment. It was shown by the increase in mean score of post-
test. The mean of pre-test was 49.43, and the mean of post-test was 79.43. It meant that
there was increase of 30 in post-test.
The effectiveness of Movies Treatment
(Crowl & Louvar, 2001) stated that if the value is statistically significant, it is first
necessary to determine how many degrees of freedom (df) there are. The df is determined by
taking the number of pairs of subject minus. In this case, there are 35 pairs of subject.
Consequently the df = 35 1 = 34 at the level of significance (α) 0.05 (5%). According t-table,
the conversion for df = 34 are 2.03 for a non directional hypothesis. After analyzing the
data and collecting them using one tailed t-test formula on levels of significance 0.05, the
researcher found that t-observed of data above is 29.70, and the degree of freedom is 34
which is converted to the t-value of 2.03. It was based on the criteria:
1) If t-observed < t-value, HA (alternative hypothesis) is rejected.
2) If t-observed > t-value, HA (alternative hypothesis) is accepted.
Based on the criteria above, t-observed > t-value (29.70 > 2.03), so the alternative
hypothesis is accepted. It means that the treatment of movie is effective to improve students
learning achievement. In addition, movies treatment has increased the motivation of student
interest in teaching learning process.
Discussion
Students’ Learning Achievement before Using Movies
Based on the test result, before the treatments by using movies, students’ learning
achievement was very low. The analysis of the students score shows that there is low
achievement. In the pretest, the mean of students score is 49.43. Besides analyzing the test,
the researcher also analyzed the non-test data. It includes observation sheet.
Based on the observation sheet which had been conducted before the researcher
implemented the treatments by using movies, the researcher concluded that the students’
interest was low, the students’ motivation was also low. The result of observation also
showed that the students were passive learners.
Students’ Learning Achievement after Using Movies
Learning language successfully depends on many factors. One of the factor is interest
of the learner themselves. (Munn, 1989) states that interest is an attitude favorably disposing
and motivating one toward some objects, situation or idea. It relates to the activity which
makes the students to be involved in language learning. All participants found that watching
movies can increase their interest to learn. The students admitted that they could
comprehend every subject if it is presented by movies, and all of them agrees that this
experience is enjoyable.
Based on the data analysis, after implementing the treatments, the students’ learning
achievement was improved. The analysis of the students’ score shows that there is an
improvement of the students’ achievement. While, in the posttest the mean of students’ score
Tia Karlina
The Effectiveness of Movies as a Teaching Learning Media to Improve Students’ Learning
Achievement at Eleventh Grade of SMK Rise Kedawung Cirebon
Jurnal Impresi Indonesia (JII) Vol. 1, No. 2, Februari 2022 87
is 79.43. After analyzing the data and collecting them using one tailed t-test formula on levels
of significance 0.05, the researcher found that t-observed of data above is 29.70, and the
degree of freedom is 34 which is converted to the t-value of 2.03. Having an improvement
from data analysis, it means improving the students’ achievement.
The Effectiveness of Movies as a Teaching Learning Media to Improve Students’
Learning Achievement
Based on the explanation, it can be concluded that before the implementation of
movies treatment, there were some problems in teaching learning process. First, students’
interest was low. Second, the students’ motivation was also low. The students often felt bored
when they in teaching learning process.
In teaching English, teacher should conduct some techniques communicatively to build
students’ interest in learning process. Movies are close related the students’ life. It provides
some opportunities for students to learn. According to (Kemp, 1963) when such an audio
visual material are carefully and properly used, they can: (1) increase understanding the
topic; (2) add interest to a subject; (3) contribute to a desirable attitude, etc.
Related research stated that movies seems to be an effective technique in teaching
learning process, because it will reduce students’ anxiety to express themselves, and when
the movie or film played in the classroom, the students will get interesting classroom
condition (Azimah, 2017).
Therefore, it can be seen that interest is very important in education. According to the
students’ opinion, they felt happy during the lesson, they were able to do exercise related the
subject, it is because they were interest to learn by using movies. It means that the use of
movies as a teaching learning media help the students in learning achievement.
CONCLUSION
The researcher draws a conclusion as follows the students’ learning achievement
before using movies was low. The teacher taught them in conventional ways, such as
explaining and doing the tasks on the handbook, so they often felt bored. The students’
learning achievement after using movies is shown from the difference of the students’ mean
score between before and after the treatments. Before the treatments, the students mean
score is 49.43. After the researcher gave the treatments, the students mean was improved to
79.43. From the analysis of the mean scores using t-test, it is found that at the level of
significance 0.05 the t-obtained is 29.70 and t-table is 2.03. Due to t-obtained is higher than
t-table, it means that there is a significant improvement in the students’ learning
achievement. Based on the observation conducted the use of movies as a teaching learning
media is effective in teaching learning process. The students’ motivation also improved. The
improvement is shown from the students’ attitude during the treatments. During the
researcher was implementing the treatments, the students were more active and focused on
the teaching learning process. They admitted that they were more interested and enjoyed
joining class using this method.
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Achievement at Eleventh Grade of SMK Rise Kedawung Cirebon
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