Jurnal Impresi Indonesia (JII)

Vol.1, No. 2, Februari 2022

p-ISSN: 2828-1284 e-ISSN: 2810-062x

website: https://rivierapublishing.id/JII/index.php/jii/index

Doi: 83

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MOVIES AS A TEACHING LEARNING MEDIA

TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT AT ELEVENTH

GRADE OF SMK RISE KEDAWUNG CIREBON

Tia Karlina

Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Cirebon, Jawa Barat, Indonesia

tiakarlina20@gmail.com

Abstract

Received:

29-01-2022

Learning achievement is the acquisition of knowledge or

skills that usually indicated by test scores in the form of

numerical value. By using movies to teach can definitely

be a challenge, but when carried out in a proper

manner, it boasts of numerous benefits. Unlike text,

movies enable students to learn visually. This research

aims to determine the interactive effects of movies as a

teaching learning media to improve students’ learning

achievement. The researcher used experimental

research with quantitative approach. The sample of this

research was 35 respondents, randomly selected from

eleventh grade of SMK RISE Kedawung Cirebon. Pre-

experimental design was used in this research and

pretest and posttest design of pre-experimental design

became ultimate choice in this research. Based on data

analysis the researcher concludes that there was

increase of gaining score of the students after movies

treatment. On levels of significance 0.05, the researcher

found that t-observed of data is 29.70, and the degree of

freedom is 34 which is converted to the t-value of 2.03.

Based on the data from the test, it is clear that t-

observed is higher than t-value. In fact, t-observed > t-

value (29.70 > 2.03), it means that the treatment of

movies as a teaching learning media is effective to

improve students’ learning achievement.

Accepted:

29-01-2022

Published:

20-02-2022

Keywords:

movies as a

teaching learning

media, students’

learning

achievement

Corresponding Author: Tia Karlina

E-mail: tiakarlina20@gmail.com

INTRODUCTION

Development of science and technology in the era globalization is very dynamic and

complex in all aspects of life. As developing country, Indonesia always tries to improve its

human resources. To get a good achievement for all subjects, students need perseverance

and patience in learning. The researcher considers that it is necessary to find out an

alternative way to create suitable and interesting techniques related to students’ condition.

According to (Kusumarasdyati, 2004) and (Luo, 2004) by using movies as a teaching

learning media can increase the students’ motivation to learn and making the class more

interesting.

Movies also known as films, are type of visual communication which use moving

pictures and sound to tell stories or inform (help people to learn). (Schrum, Heinich, &

Glisan, 2000) stated that movies provide the context for a wide variety of communication

and interactive activities in the classroom. According to the (Brinton, 2001) various media

such as video, cameras, and computers help the teacher in their job to deliver the lesson. By

using the audio-visual media such as movies, the teacher can bring the world to the

Tia Karlina

The Effectiveness of Movies as a Teaching Learning Media to Improve Students’ Learning

Achievement at Eleventh Grade of SMK Rise Kedawung Cirebon

Jurnal Impresi Indonesia (JII) Vol. 1, No. 2, Februari 2022 84

classroom. For instance, when they want to introduce names of fruits, they do not have to

bring the real fruits, because the pictures of them are representative enough. A movie camera

or video camera takes pictures very quickly, usually at 25 pictures every second. When a

movie projector, computer, or a television shows the pictures at that rate, it looks like the

things shown in the set pictures are really moving. Sound is either recorded at the same time,

or added later.

Movies, in the sense of educational media, as stated by (Sudjana & Rivai, 2005) have

some strength, they are: (1) teaching and learning process will be more interesting for the

students so that they are motivated to learn materials given by the teacher; (2) movies make

the students easier to get the materials because media can be used by the teacher to make

material easier and clearer for the students; (3) various and interesting media make the

students enjoy and have fun in the learning process; (4) movies make the students do more

activities in teaching and learning process. Based on the understanding that it can be

concluded movies are a kind of media that contain realistic models that provide various

communicative activities for the students and help the teachers to deliver the lesson.

Learning achievement is the acquisition of knowledge or skills in terms of cognitive,

affective, and psychomotor through measurement and assessment. Something which

achieved or done successfully of an individual or group individuals in school subject or

activity with the effort and skills can be defined as the results of learning achievement

(Hornby, 1989).

According to (Davis, 1993) learning outcomes are a measuring tool that used by the

teacher as evidence of students’ learning achievement of the material that has been given.

Learning achievement is not just obtained by students, but there are several driving

indicators so that learning achievement can be obtained optimally.

Nowadays, vocational education has played an important role in the Indonesian

educational system for decades. The vocational education system is career-oriented, with the

goal of training manpower to meet the demands of national economic growth, industrial

changes, and technological advancement. From the point of view, the researcher suggests the

teacher to find the most effective learning media to learn. Using movies as a teaching

learning media are certainly the tool and the shortcut to help the vocational students to learn

English, not only for the present but also for lifelong learning. According to (Wiyono, 2008)

English at vocational school is expected that at the end of the study process, students are

able to use English; they able to read, to listen, to speak, and to write in English through

themes that are selected based on the students’ level of development and interest.

Based on the above statements, the researcher intends to investigate the effectiveness

of movies as a teaching learning media to improve students’ learning achievement at

eleventh grade of SMK RISE Kedawung, Cirebon.

RESEARCH METHOD

The researcher used experimental research with quantitative approach. (Sugiyono,

2019) stated that experimental research design was used to find out the influence of the

certain treatment in the controlled condition. In experimental research, it is recognized at

least 4 types of research and the researcher used pre-experimental design. One group pretest

– posttest design of pre-experimental design became ultimate choice in this research, this

kind of design tries to compare the condition of students before and after the treatments

through the pretest results. They are two measured variables in this research, they are

movies as a teaching learning media as the independent variable and students’ learning

achievement which can be seen from the test result as the dependent variable.

The population of this research is all eleventh grade students of SMK RISE Kedawung

Cirebon, academic year 2021/2022, and the research held on November 1st – November

27th 2020. The researcher takes 14% of the population as sample of this research. Technique

sampling used in this study is simple random sampling. (Arikunto, 2013) stated that if the

subject is less than 100 it is better to take the entire subject. Furthermore, if the subject is

more than 100 it can be taken between 10 – 15%. Therefore the researcher take 35 students

randomly take from 250 students in this research.

Tia Karlina

The Effectiveness of Movies as a Teaching Learning Media to Improve Students’ Learning

Achievement at Eleventh Grade of SMK Rise Kedawung Cirebon

Jurnal Impresi Indonesia (JII) Vol. 1, No. 2, Februari 2022 85

The researcher conducted an observation dealing with the real situation of the teaching

and learning process. There are two models in data analysis namely inductive and deductive

data analysis technique, and the researcher using deductive data analysis technique.

According to (Sidiq, Choiri, & Mujahidin, 2019) deductive data analysis technique is data

analysis that starts with theory which is then proven by facts. Starting from the

determination of variables, data collection and conclusion. Here are the research

instruments that used in this research are: pre-test, treatments, and post-test. Pre-test is

given before the treatment of movies is carried out. The treatment of movies was carried out

after pre-test. Post-test will be given after the treatment of movie is carried out.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Students’ Learning Achievement before Using Movies

Pretest was conducted to find out the students’ learning achievement before the

treatment of movies. The following tables shows the statistical description of the test result:

Table 1. Students’ Learning Achievement before Using Movies

Pre-test

N

Valid

35

Missing

0

Mean

49.43

Minimum

30

Maximum

60

From the fact above, the researcher identified that none of the students fulfilled passing

grade for this test. The passing grade for any subject in SMK RISE Kedawung Cirebon is 65.

This condition shows that the students learning achievement is very low. Next, the

researcher found the facts concerning the cause of students low achievement that could be

explained as follows: (1) low attention of the students when teaching learning process

conducted; (2) almost of the students did non-academic activities rather than academic

activities; (3) most of the students were passing during teaching learning process, they did

not want to ask to the teacher when they had difficulty.

Movies Treatment Result Analysis

1. Treatment 1

In this meeting, the teaching learning process ran smoothly enough. First step, the

researcher stimulated students interest about the topic they would learn at that day by giving

some questions orally. After that, the researcher shared the handout to the students to be

read. Next, the researcher asked the students to read the handout by turns. One student had

a turn to read one verse and so on. Finally, they had to answer the questions that contained

in the handout.

2. Treatment 2

In this meeting, the teaching learning process ran good better. In treatment 2, the

researcher found some progress especially concerning the movies treatment: (1) the students

did not stop discussing the subject they have been learned from the movies; (2) the students

also seemed were able to do their task dealing with making the summary of the movies they

had just watched.

3. Treatment 3

In this meeting, the teaching learning process ran very well. In treatment 3, the

researcher found some progress especially concerning the micro skills: (1) the students were

able to define what the subject they have been learned about; (2) the students were able to

identify the explicit information of the subject they have been learned; (3) the students were

able to identify the implicit information of the subject they have been learned.

Students’ Learning Achievement after Using Movies

Tia Karlina

The Effectiveness of Movies as a Teaching Learning Media to Improve Students’ Learning

Achievement at Eleventh Grade of SMK Rise Kedawung Cirebon

Jurnal Impresi Indonesia (JII) Vol. 1, No. 2, Februari 2022 86

In this research, post-test was conducted to find out the students learning achievement

improvement after using movies treatment. The following table shows statistical description

of the test result:

Table 2. Students’ Learning Achievement after Using Movies

Post-test

N

Valid

35

Missin

g

0

Mean

79.43

Minimum

75

Maximum

90

From the data above, the researcher conclude that there was increase of gaining score

of the students after movies treatment. It was shown by the increase in mean score of post-

test. The mean of pre-test was 49.43, and the mean of post-test was 79.43. It meant that

there was increase of 30 in post-test.

The effectiveness of Movies Treatment

(Crowl & Louvar, 2001) stated that if the value is statistically significant, it is first

necessary to determine how many degrees of freedom (df) there are. The df is determined by

taking the number of pairs of subject minus. In this case, there are 35 pairs of subject.

Consequently the df = 35 – 1 = 34 at the level of significance (α) 0.05 (5%). According t-table,

the conversion for df = 34 are 2.03 for a non – directional hypothesis. After analyzing the

data and collecting them using one tailed t-test formula on levels of significance 0.05, the

researcher found that t-observed of data above is 29.70, and the degree of freedom is 34

which is converted to the t-value of 2.03. It was based on the criteria:

1) If t-observed < t-value, HA (alternative hypothesis) is rejected.

2) If t-observed > t-value, HA (alternative hypothesis) is accepted.

Based on the criteria above, t-observed > t-value (29.70 > 2.03), so the alternative

hypothesis is accepted. It means that the treatment of movie is effective to improve students

learning achievement. In addition, movies treatment has increased the motivation of student

interest in teaching learning process.

Discussion

Students’ Learning Achievement before Using Movies

Based on the test result, before the treatments by using movies, students’ learning

achievement was very low. The analysis of the students score shows that there is low

achievement. In the pretest, the mean of students score is 49.43. Besides analyzing the test,

the researcher also analyzed the non-test data. It includes observation sheet.

Based on the observation sheet which had been conducted before the researcher

implemented the treatments by using movies, the researcher concluded that the students’

interest was low, the students’ motivation was also low. The result of observation also

showed that the students were passive learners.

Students’ Learning Achievement after Using Movies

Learning language successfully depends on many factors. One of the factor is interest

of the learner themselves. (Munn, 1989) states that interest is an attitude favorably disposing

and motivating one toward some objects, situation or idea. It relates to the activity which

makes the students to be involved in language learning. All participants found that watching

movies can increase their interest to learn. The students admitted that they could

comprehend every subject if it is presented by movies, and all of them agrees that this

experience is enjoyable.

Based on the data analysis, after implementing the treatments, the students’ learning

achievement was improved. The analysis of the students’ score shows that there is an

improvement of the students’ achievement. While, in the posttest the mean of students’ score

Tia Karlina

The Effectiveness of Movies as a Teaching Learning Media to Improve Students’ Learning

Achievement at Eleventh Grade of SMK Rise Kedawung Cirebon

Jurnal Impresi Indonesia (JII) Vol. 1, No. 2, Februari 2022 87

is 79.43. After analyzing the data and collecting them using one tailed t-test formula on levels

of significance 0.05, the researcher found that t-observed of data above is 29.70, and the

degree of freedom is 34 which is converted to the t-value of 2.03. Having an improvement

from data analysis, it means improving the students’ achievement.

The Effectiveness of Movies as a Teaching Learning Media to Improve Students’

Learning Achievement

Based on the explanation, it can be concluded that before the implementation of

movies treatment, there were some problems in teaching learning process. First, students’

interest was low. Second, the students’ motivation was also low. The students often felt bored

when they in teaching learning process.

In teaching English, teacher should conduct some techniques communicatively to build

students’ interest in learning process. Movies are close related the students’ life. It provides

some opportunities for students to learn. According to (Kemp, 1963) when such an audio

visual material are carefully and properly used, they can: (1) increase understanding the

topic; (2) add interest to a subject; (3) contribute to a desirable attitude, etc.

Related research stated that movies seems to be an effective technique in teaching

learning process, because it will reduce students’ anxiety to express themselves, and when

the movie or film played in the classroom, the students will get interesting classroom

condition (Azimah, 2017).

Therefore, it can be seen that interest is very important in education. According to the

students’ opinion, they felt happy during the lesson, they were able to do exercise related the

subject, it is because they were interest to learn by using movies. It means that the use of

movies as a teaching learning media help the students in learning achievement.

CONCLUSION

The researcher draws a conclusion as follows the students’ learning achievement

before using movies was low. The teacher taught them in conventional ways, such as

explaining and doing the tasks on the handbook, so they often felt bored. The students’

learning achievement after using movies is shown from the difference of the students’ mean

score between before and after the treatments. Before the treatments, the students mean

score is 49.43. After the researcher gave the treatments, the students mean was improved to

79.43. From the analysis of the mean scores using t-test, it is found that at the level of

significance 0.05 the t-obtained is 29.70 and t-table is 2.03. Due to t-obtained is higher than

t-table, it means that there is a significant improvement in the students’ learning

achievement. Based on the observation conducted the use of movies as a teaching learning

media is effective in teaching learning process. The students’ motivation also improved. The

improvement is shown from the students’ attitude during the treatments. During the

researcher was implementing the treatments, the students were more active and focused on

the teaching learning process. They admitted that they were more interested and enjoyed

joining class using this method.

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